A Study to Determine the Outcomes of Patients With Localized B Cell Lymphoblastic Lymphoma (B-LLy) When Treated With Standard Risk B-ALL Therapy

Official Title

A Phase 3 Trial Investigating Blinatumomab (NSC# 765986) in Combination With Chemotherapy in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Standard Risk or Down Syndrome B-Lymphoblastic Leukemia (B-ALL) and the Treatment of Patients With Localized B-Lymphoblastic Lymphoma (B-LLy)

Summary:

This phase III trial studies how well blinatumomab works in combination with chemotherapy in treating patients with newly diagnosed, standard risk B-lymphoblastic leukemia or B-lymphoblastic lymphoma with or without Down syndrome. Monoclonal antibodies, such as blinatumomab, may induce changes in body's immune system and may interfere with the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as vincristine, dexamethasone, prednisone, prednisolone, pegaspargase, methotrexate, cytarabine, mercaptopurine, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, and thioguanine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Leucovorin decreases the toxic effects of methotrexate. Giving monoclonal antibody therapy with chemotherapy may kill more cancer cells. Giving blinatumomab and combination chemotherapy may work better then combination chemotherapy alone in treating patients with B-ALL. This trial also assigns patients into different chemotherapy treatment regimens based on risk (the chance of cancer returning after treatment). Treating patients with chemotherapy based on risk may help doctors decide which patients can best benefit from which chemotherapy treatment regimens.

Trial Description

Primary Outcome Measures :

  • Post-Consolidation disease free survival (DFS) with addition of 2 cycle of blinatumomab
  • DFS in boys in the SR-favorable subset of SR B-ALL with or without Down syndrome (DS)

Secondary Outcome Measures :

  • DFS for patients with SR-Avg B-ALL who are negative for MRD measured by flow cytometry and HTS at EOI when treated with standard chemotherapy with a treatment duration of 2 years from the start of interim maintenance (IM)1, regardless of sex
  • DFS for patients with standard-risk favorable (SR-Fav) B-ALL when treated with a standard chemotherapy regimen
  • Treatment-related mortality in Down syndrome high risk (DS-high) patients after replacement of intensive elements of standard chemotherapy (omission of anthracyclines in induction, omission of the second month of DI) with 3 cycles of blinatumomab
  • DFS of DS-High B-ALL patients when intensive elements of chemotherapy are replaced with 3 cycles of blinatumomab
  • DFS of patients with localized B-lymphoblastic lymphoma (B-LLy) receiving standard risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia therapy
  • Neurocognitive functioning
  • Caregiver burden and patient/proxy-reported symptoms among a subset of children enrolled in the HMH and neurocognitive outcome study

Other Outcome Measures:

  • To explore adaptive and innate immune functions and host genetic factors associated with severe infectious complications in children with DS B-ALL
  • Assessing of the role of genetic factors affecting susceptibility to infection in childhood ALL
  • Neurocognitive, functional, and quality of life outcomes in patients with DS and ALL
  • Prevalence of minimal marrow disease (MMD) in B-LLy

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

  • To determine in a randomized manner if the addition of 2 cycles of blinatumomab to standard therapy improves disease-free survival (DFS) in patients with standard risk (SR) B-ALL and higher risk features (SR-High), and patients with standard-risk average (SR-Avg) B-ALL who are negative for minimal residual disease (MRD) by flow cytometry but have detectable or indeterminate MRD as measured by high-throughput sequencing (HTS) at end of induction (EOI).
  • To confirm that boys in the standard-risk favorable (SR-Fav) subset of B-ALL, with or without Down syndrome (DS), will maintain a 5-year DFS of greater than 93% when treated with a standard chemotherapy regimen with a treatment duration of 2 years from the start of interim maintenance I (IM1).

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

  • To describe the DFS for patients with SR-Avg B-ALL who are negative for MRD measured by flow cytometry and HTS at EOI when treated with standard chemotherapy with a treatment duration of 2 years from the start of IM1, regardless of sex.
  • To describe the DFS for patients with standard-risk favorable (SR-Fav) B-ALL when treated with a standard chemotherapy regimen.
  • To determine if patients with DS-High achieve a reduction of treatment-related mortality (TRM) after replacement of intensive elements of standard chemotherapy (omission of anthracyclines in induction, omission of the second month of delayed intensification [DI]) with 3 cycles of blinatumomab.
  • To describe the DFS characterized by the replacement of intensive elements of standard chemotherapy with 3 cycles of blinatumomab in patients with DS-High B ALL.
  • To describe the DFS for patients with localized (Murphy stage I and II) B lymphoblastic lymphoma (B-LLy) receiving standard risk B-ALL therapy.
  • To compare the change in neurocognitive functioning, as measured by the CogState Cognitive Composite, from baseline to end-of-therapy among patients with ALL ages 4- < 10 years at the time of diagnosis between children from poor families (defined as presence of household material hardship [HMH], including either food, housing or energy insecurity) and non-poor families (absence of HMH).
  • To describe the impact of blinatumomab on caregiver burden and patient/proxy-reported symptoms among a subset of children enrolled in the HMH and neurocognitive outcome study.

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

  • To explore adaptive and innate immune functions and host genetic factors associated with severe infectious complications in children with DS B-ALL.
  • To explore the impact of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and its therapy on neurocognitive, functional, and quality of life outcomes in patients with DS and ALL, as measured by caregiver (parent/legal guardian) questionnaires.
  • To define the prevalence of minimal marrow disease (MMD) in B-LLy and to correlate MMD at diagnosis with outcome in patients with B-LLy.

OUTLINE: All patients are assigned to, and complete an INDUCTION treatment regimen. Patients are then assigned to a CONSOLIDATION treatment regimen. Finally, following CONSOLIDATION, patients are either assigned or randomized to 1 of 7 arms.

NON-DS SR B-ALL INDUCTION: Patients receive cytarabine intrathecally (IT) on day 1, vincristine intravenous (IV) push over 1 minute on days 1, 8, 15, and 22, dexamethasone orally (PO) or IV twice daily (BID) on days 1-28, pegaspargase IV over 1-2 hours or intramuscularly (IM) on day 4, and methotrexate IT on days 8 and 29. CNS2 patients also receive cytarabine IT twice weekly except during weeks when days 8 and 29 methotrexate is administered. Treatment continues for 35 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

* After Non-DS SR B-ALL INDUCTION, SR-Fav and SR-Avg patients complete SR CONSOLIDATION, while patients with SR-High complete high-risk (HR) CONSOLIDATION.

DS B-ALL INDUCTION: Patients receive cytarabine IT on day 1, vincristine IV push over 1 minute on days 1, 8, 15, and 22, pegaspargase IV over 1-2 hours or IM on day 4, methotrexate IT on days 8 and 29, and leucovorin PO or IV every 6 hours for 2 doses on days 9 and 30. Additionally, patients under 10 years of age receive dexamethasone PO or IV BID on days 1-28, and patients 10 years of age or older receive prednisone or prednisolone PO or IV BID on days 1-28. CNS2 patients also receive cytarabine IT twice weekly except during weeks when days 8 and 29 IT methotrexate is administered. CNS3 patients also receive methotrexate IT on days 15 and 22, and leucovorin PO or IV every 6 hours for 2 doses on days 16 and 23. Treatment continues for 35 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

* After DS B-ALL INDUCTION, patients without high risk features and MRD < 0.01 % complete SR CONSOLIDATION. Patients without high risk features and MRD >= 0.01%, OR with high risk features and any MRD complete HR CONSOLIDATION.

NON-DS B-LLy INDUCTION: Patients receive cytarabine IT on day 1 and twice weekly if CNS2, vincristine IV push over 1 minute on days 1, 8, 15, and 22, dexamethasone PO or IV BID on days 1-28, pegaspargase IV over 1-2 hours or IM on day 4, and methotrexate IT on days 8 and 29. Treatment continues for 35 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

* After NON-DS B-LLy INDUCTION, all B-LLy patients then complete SR CONSOLIDATION.

DS B-LLY INDUCTION: Patients receive cytarabine IT on day 1, vincristine IV push over 1 minute on days 1, 8, 15, and 22, pegaspargase IV over 1-2 hours or IM on day 4, methotrexate IT on days 8 and 29, and leucovorin PO or IV every 6 hours for 2 doses on days 9 and 30. Additionally, patients under 10 years of age receive dexamethasone PO or IV BID on days 1-28, and patients 10 years of age or older receive PO or IV prednisone or methylprednisolone on days 1-28. Treatment continues for 35 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

* After DS B-LLy INDUCTION, patients then complete SR CONSOLIDATION.

SR CONSOLIDATION: Patients receive vincristine IV push over 1 minute on day 1, mercaptopurine PO on days 1-28, and methotrexate IT on days 1, 8, and 15. DS patients also receive leucovorin PO or IV every 6 hours for 2 doses on days 2, 9, and 16. Treatment continues for 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

* After SR CONSOLIDATION, patients with MRD undetectable are assigned to ARM A, and patients with MRD detectable/indeterminate/unavailable are randomized to ARM A or B. Patients with SR-Fav and all B-LLy patients are assigned to treatments identical to that in ARM A.

HR CONSOLIDATION: Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes on days 1 and 29, cytarabine IV over 1-30 minutes or SC on days 1-4, 8-11, 29-32, and 36-39, vincristine IV push over 1 minute on days 15, 22, 43, and 50, mercaptopurine PO on days 1-14 and 29-42, methotrexate IT on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 (on days 1 and 8 only for DS CNS3 patients), , and pegaspargase IV over 1-2 hours or IM on days 15 and 43. DS patients also receive leucovorin PO or IV every 6 hours for 2 doses on days 2, 9, 16, and 23 (on days 2 and 9 only for DS CNS3 patients). Treatment continues for 56 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

* After HR CONSOLIDATION, patients are randomized to ARM C or D. DS B-ALL patients with MRD < 1% are assigned to an arm including three blocks of blinatumomab.

ARM A:

INTERIM MAINTENANCE I: Patients receive vincristine IV push over 1 minute on days 1, 11, 21, 31, and 41, methotrexate IV over 2-5 minutes (undiluted) or 10-15 minutes (diluted) on days 1, 11, 21, 31, and 41, and methotrexate IT on day 31. DS patients also receive leucovorin PO or IV every 6 hours for 2 doses on day 32. Treatment continues for 56 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

DELAYED INTENSIFICATION: Patients receive methotrexate IT on day 1 and 29, dexamethasone PO BID or IV on days 1-7 and 15-21, vincristine IV push over 1 minute on days 1, 8, and 15, doxorubicin IV push/infusion over 1-15 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15, pegaspargase IV over 1-2 hours or IM on day 4, cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes on day 29, thioguanine PO on days 29-42, and cytarabine IV over 1-30 minutes or subcutaneously (SC) on days 29-32 and 36-39. DS patients receive leucovorin PO or IV every 6 hours for 2 doses on days 2 and 30. Treatment continues for 56 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

INTERIM MAINTENANCE II: Patients receive vincristine IV push over 1 minute on days 1, 11, 21, 31, and 41, methotrexate IV over 2-5 minutes undiluted or 10-15 minutes diluted on days 1, 11, 21, 31, and 41, and methotrexate IT on days 1 and 31. DS patients receive leucovorin PO or IV every 6 hours for 2 doses on days 2 and 32. Treatment continues for 56 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

MAINTENANCE: Non-DS patients receive methotrexate IT on day 1, vincristine IV push over 1 minute on day 1, dexamethasone PO on days 1-5, mercaptopurine PO on days 1-84, and methotrexate PO on days 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, 43, 50, 57, 64, 71, and 78. DS patients receive vincristine IV push over 1 minute on day 1, methotrexate IT on day 1, dexamethasone PO on days 1-5, mercaptopurine PO on days 1-84, and methotrexate PO on days 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, 43, 50, 57, 64, 71, and 78, and leucovorin IV or PO on day 2 if DS. Treatment repeats every 84 days until a total duration of therapy of 2 years from start of INTERIM MAINTENANCE I is reached in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM B:

BLINATUMOMAB BLOCK I: Patients receive dexamethasone IV or PO on day 1, methotrexate IT on day 1, and blinatumomab IV continuously on days 1-28. DS patients also receive leucovorin IV or PO every 6 hours for 2 doses on day 2. Treatment continues for 35 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

INTERIM MAINTENANCE I: Patients receive vincristine IV push over 1 minute on days 1, 11, 21, 31, and 41, methotrexate IV over 2-5 minutes (undiluted) or 10-15 minutes (diluted) on days 1, 11, 21, 31, and 41, and methotrexate IT on day 31. DS patients also receive leucovorin PO or IV every 6 hours for 2 doses on day 32. Treatment continues for 56 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

BLINATUMOMAB BLOCK II: Patients receive methotrexate IT on day 1, and blinatumomab IV continuously on days 1-28. DS patients also receive leucovorin PO or IV every 6 hours for 2 doses on day 2. Treatment continues for 35 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

DELAYED INTENSIFICATION: Patients receive methotrexate IT on day 1 and 29, dexamethasone PO or IV on days 1-7 and 15-21, vincristine IV push over 1 minute on days 1, 8, and 15, doxorubicin IV push/infusion over 1-15 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15, pegaspargase IV over 1-2 hours or IM on day 4, cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes on day 29, thioguanine PO on days 29-42, and cytarabine IV over 1-30 minutes or SC on days 29-32 and 36-39. DS patients receive leucovorin PO or IV every 6 hours for 2 doses on days 2 and 30. Treatment continues for 56 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

INTERIM MAINTENANCE II: Patients receive vincristine IV push over 1 minute on days 1, 11, 21, 31, and 41, methotrexate IV over 2-5 minutes (undiluted) or 10-15 minutes (diluted) on days 1, 11, 21, 31, and 41, and methotrexate IT on days 1 and 31. DS patients also receive leucovorin PO or IV every 6 hours for 2 doses on days 2 and 32. Treatment continues for 56 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

MAINTENANCE: Non-DS patients receive methotrexate IT on day 1 (omit on final 2 cycles), vincristine IV push over 1 minute on day 1, dexamethasone PO on days 1-5, mercaptopurine PO on days 1-84, and methotrexate PO on days 1, 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, 43, 50, 57, 64, 71, and 78 (omit day 1 on final 2 cycles). DS patients receive methotrexate IT on day 1 (omit on final 2 cycles), dexamethasone PO on days 1-5, mercaptopurine PO on days 1-84, and methotrexate PO on days 1, 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, 43, 50, 57, 64, 71, and 78 (omit day 1 except for final 2 cycles), for DS patients and leucovorin IV or PO every 6 hours for 2 doses on day 2 (omit on final 2 cycles). Treatment repeats every 84 days until a total duration of therapy of 2 years from start of INTERIM MAINTENANCE I is reached in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM C:

INTERIM MAINTENANCE I: Patients receive vincristine IV push over 1 minute on days 1, 15, 29, and 43, high dose methotrexate IV on days 1, 15, 29, and 43, mercaptopurine PO on days 1-14, 15-28, 29-42, and 43-56, methotrexate IT on day 1 and 29, and leucovorin PO or IV on days 3-4, 17-18, 31-32, and 45-46. Treatment continues for 56 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

DELAYED INTENSIFICATION: Patients receive methotrexate IT on days 1, 29, and 36, dexamethasone PO BID or IV on days 1-7 and 15-21, vincristine IV over 1 minute on days 1, 8, 15, 43, and 50, doxorubicin IV over 1-15 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15, pegaspargase IV over 1-2 hours or IM on days 4 and 43, cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes on day 29, thioguanine PO on days 29-42, and cytarabine IV over 1-30 minutes or SC on days 29-32 and 36-39. Treatment continues for 56 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

INTERIM MAINTENANCE II: Patients receive vincristine IV over 1 minute on days 1, 11, 21, 31, and 41, Capizzi style methotrexate IV over 2-5 minutes (undiluted) or over 10-15 minutes (diluted) on days 1, 11, 21, 31, and 41, methotrexate IT on days 1 and 31, and pegaspargase IV over 1-2 hours or IM on days 2 and 22. Treatment continues for 56 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

MAINTENANCE: Patients receive vincristine IV over 1 minute on day 1, prednisone or prednisolone or methylprednisolone PO or IV on days 1-5, mercaptopurine PO on days 1-84, methotrexate IT on days 1 and 29 of cycles 1-2 and on day 1 of subsequent cycles, methotrexate PO on days 8, 15, 22, 29 (for cycle 3 and later only), 36, 43, 50, 57, 64, 71, and 78. Treatment repeats every 84 days until a total duration of therapy of 2 years from start of interim maintenance I is reached in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM D:

BLINATUMOMAB BLOCK I: Patients receive dexamethasone PO or IV on day 1, methotrexate IT on day 1, and blinatumomab IV continuously on days 1-28. Treatment continues for 35 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

INTERIM MAINTENANCE I: Patients receive vincristine IV over 1 minute on days 1, 15, 29, and 43, high dose methotrexate IV on days 1, 15, 29, and 43, mercaptopurine PO on days 1-14, 15-28, 29-42, and 43-56, methotrexate IT on days 1 and 29, and leucovorin PO or IV on days 3-4, 17-18, 31-32, and 45-46. Treatment continues for 56 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

BLINATUMOMAB BLOCK II: Patients receive blinatumomab IV on days 1-28 and methotrexate IT on day 1. Treatment continues for 35 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

DELAYED INTENSIFICATION: Patients receive methotrexate IT on days 1, 29, and 36, dexamethasone PO or IV on days 1-7 and 15-21, vincristine IV over 1 minute on days 1, 8, 15, 43, and 50, doxorubicin IV over 1-15 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15, pegaspargase IV over 1-2 hours or IM on days 4 and 43, cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes on day 29, thioguanine PO on days 29-42, and cytarabine IV over 1-30 minutes or SC on days 29-32 and 36-39. Treatment continues for 56 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

INTERIM MAINTENANCE II: Patients receive vincristine IV over 1 minute on days 1, 11, 21, 31, and 41, Capizzi style methotrexate IV over 2-5 minutes (undiluted) or over 10-15 minutes (diluted) on days 1, 11, 21, 31, and 41, methotrexate IT on days 1 and 31, and pegaspargase IV over 1-2 hours or IM on days 2 and 22. Treatment continues for 56 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

MAINTENANCE: Patients receive methotrexate IT on day 1, vincristine IV over 1 minute on day 1, prednisone, prednisolone or methylprednisolone PO or IV on days 1-5, mercaptopurine PO on days 1-84, and methotrexate PO on days 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, 43, 50, 57, 64, 71, and 78. Treatment repeats every 84 days until a total duration of therapy of 2 years from start of interim maintenance I is reached in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

DS-HIGH B-ALL:

BLINATUMOMAB BLOCK I: Patients receive dexamethasone PO or IV on day 1, blinatumomab IV continuously on days 1-28, methotrexate IT on day 1, and leucovorin PO or IV every 6 hours for 2 doses on day 2. Treatment continues for 35 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

INTERIM MAINTENANCE: Patients receive vincristine IV push over 1 minute on days 1, 15, 29, and 43, intermediate dose methotrexate IV over 24 hours on days 1, 15, 29, and 43, mercaptopurine PO on days 1-56, methotrexate IT on days 1 and 29, and leucovorin PO or IV every 6 hours for 2 doses on days 2-4, 16-18, 30-32, and 44-46. Treatment continues for 63 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

BLINATUMOMAB BLOCK II: Patients receive blinatumomab IV on days 1-28, methotrexate IT on day 1, and leucovorin PO or IV every 6 hours for 2 doses on day 2. Treatment continues for 35 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

DELAYED INTENSIFICATION: Patients receive vincristine IV over 1 minute on days 1, 8, and 15, doxorubicin IV over 1-15 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15, dexamethasone PO or IV on days 1-7 and 15-21, methotrexate IT on day 1, leucovorin PO or IV every 6 hours for 2 doses on day 2, and pegaspargase IV over 1-2 hours or IM on day 4. Treatment continues for 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

BLINATUMOMAB BLOCK III: Patients receive blinatumomab IV on days 1-28, methotrexate IT on day 1, and leucovorin PO or IV every 6 hours for 2 doses on day 2. Treatment continues for 35 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

MAINTENANCE: Patients receive vincristine IV push over 1 minute on day 1, prednisone, prednisolone or methylprednisolone PO or IV BID on days 1-5, mercaptopurine PO on days 1-84, methotrexate IT on day 1, methotrexate PO on days 8, 15, 22, 29 (omit day 29 for first 3 cycles for patients who do not receive cranial radiotherapy), 36, 43, 50, 57, 64, 71, and 78, and leucovorin PO on days 2 and 30 (day 30 dose is for cycles 1-3 and for patients who do not receive cranial radiotherapy). CNS3 patients receive cranial radiotherapy during first 4 weeks of cycle 1. Treatment repeats every 84 days until a total duration of therapy of 2 years from start of interim maintenance I is reached in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

All B-LLy patients:

INTERIM MAINTENANCE I: Patients receive vincristine IV push over 1 minute on days 1, 11, 21, 31, and 41, methotrexate IV over 2-5 minutes (undiluted) or 10-15 (diluted) on days 1, 11, 21, 31, and 41, and methotrexate IT on day 31. DS patients also receive leucovorin PO or IV every 6 hours for 2 doses on day 32. Treatment continues for 56 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

DELAYED INTENSIFICATION: Patients receive vincristine IV push over 1 minute on days 1, 8 and 15, doxorubicin IV over 1-15 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15, dexamethasone PO or IV on days 1-7 and 15-21, methotrexate IT on days 1 and 29, pegaspargase IV over 1-2 hours or IM on day 4, cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes on day 29, thioguanine PO on days 29-42, and cytarabine IV over 1-30 minutes or SC on days 29-32 and 36-39. DS patients additionally receive leucovorin PO or IV every 6 hours for 2 doses on days 2 and 30. Treatment continues for 56 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

INTERIM MAINTENANCE II: Patients receive vincristine IV push over 1 minute on days 1, 11, 21, 31, and 41, methotrexate IV over 2-5 minutes (undiluted) or 10-15 minutes (diluted) on days 1, 11, 21, 31, and 41, and methotrexate IT on days 1 and 31. DS patients also receive leucovorin PO or IV every 6 hours for 2 doses on days 2 and 32. Treatment continues for 56 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

MAINTENANCE: Patients receive vincristine IV push over 1 minute on day 1, dexamethasone PO on days 1-5, mercaptopurine PO on days 1-84, methotrexate IT on day 1, and methotrexate PO on days 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, 43, 50, 57, 64, 71, and 78. DC patients also receive leucovorin PO or IV every 6 hours for 2 doses on day 2. Treatment repeats every 84 days until a total duration of therapy of 2 years from start of interim maintenance I is reached in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 4 weeks until complete blood count(CBC)/differential/platelet count recovery, then every 3 months for the first 2 years, then every 4-6 months for the 3rd year, and every 6-12 months for the 4th and 5th years.

View this trial on ClinicalTrials.gov

Interested in this trial?

Print this page and take it to your doctor to discuss your eligibilty and treatment options. Only your doctor can refer you to a clinical trial.

Resources

Canadian Cancer Society

These resources are provided in partnership with the Canadian Cancer Society