Clinical Trial of Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy With Atezolizumab or Placebo in Patients With Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Followed After Surgery by Atezolizumab or Placebo

Official Title

A Randomized, Double-Blind, Phase III Clinical Trial of Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy With Atezolizumab or Placebo in Patients With Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Followed by Adjuvant Continuation of Atezolizumab or Placebo

Summary:

The main purpose of this study is to learn if the usual chemotherapy given before surgery (neoadjuvant therapy) for breast cancer plus the experimental drug, atezolizumab, is better than the usual chemotherapy plus a placebo. (A placebo is a drug that looks like the study drug but contains no medication.) The usual chemotherapy in this study is paclitaxel (WP) and carboplatin followed by doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide (AC) or epirubicin and cyclophosphamide (EC). Usually, after neoadjuvant therapy and surgery for triple negative breast cancer, no additional treatment is given unless the cancer returns. This study will also look at continuing treatment after surgery with atezolizumab or the placebo. To be better, atezolizumab given with the neoadjuvant therapy should be better at: 1) decreasing the amount of tumour in the breast than the placebo given with the usual chemotherapy and 2) decreasing the chance of the cancer from returning after surgery.

Another purpose of this study is to test the good and bad effects of atezolizumab when added to the usual chemotherapy. Atezolizumab may keep your cancer from growing but it can also cause side effects.

Trial Description

Primary Outcome:

  • Pathologic complete response in the breast and lymph nodes (ypT0/Tis ypN0)
  • Event-free survival (EFS)
Secondary Outcome:
  • Pathologic complete response in the breast (ypT0/Tis)
  • Pathologic complete response in the breast and lymph nodes (ypT0 ypN0)
  • Positive nodal status conversion rate
  • Overall survival (OS)
  • Recurrence-free interval (RFI)
  • Distant disease-free survival (DDFS)
  • Brain metastases free survival
  • Frequency of Adverse Events
  • Frequency of immune Adverse Events of Special Interest
  • Cardiac safety lead-in (Troponin-T)
  • Cardiac safety lead-in (Troponin-T)
  • Cardiac safety lead-in (Troponin-T)
  • Cardiac safety lead-in (Left ventricular ejection fraction; LVEF)
  • Cardiac safety lead-in (Left ventricular ejection fraction; LVEF)
  • Cardiac safety lead-in (Left ventricular ejection fraction; LVEF)

NSABP B-59/GBG 96-GeparDouze is a prospective, randomized, double-blind, Phase III clinical trial. This is a collaborative study being conducted by NSABP Foundation, Inc. in partnership with the German Breast Group (GBG), and supported by funding by Genentech, a Member of the Roche Group, and F. Hoffmann-La Roche, Ltd.

In this clinical trial of neoadjuvant and adjuvant administration of atezolizumab/placebo in patients with high risk triple-negative breast cancer, the potential incremental efficacy and safety of neoadjuvant administration of atezolizumab/placebo with a sequential regimen of weekly paclitaxel with every-3-week carboplatin followed immediately by neoadjuvant administration of atezolizumab/placebo with AC/EC will be evaluated. Patients will then undergo surgery. Following recovery from surgery, patients will initiate approximately 6 months of adjuvant therapy with atezolizumab/placebo and receive the same investigational agent they received pre-operatively. Administration of radiation therapy will be based on local standards at the discretion of patients and investigators, but if administered, atezolizumab/placebo will be administered concurrently.

The primary aims of the study are 1) to determine value of atezolizumab in improving pathologic complete response in the breast and post-therapy lymph nodes evaluated histologically (pCR breast and nodes [(ypT0/Tis ypN0)]), and 2) to determine the value of atezolizumab in improving event-free survival (EFS). Secondary aims include: pathologic complete response in the breast (ypT0/Tis); pathologic complete response in the breast and lymph nodes (ypT0 ypN0); positive nodal status conversion rate; overall survival; recurrence-free interval: distant disease-free survival; brain metastases free survival; and toxicity. The stratification factors for the study are: 1) clinical size of the primary tumour (1.1-3.0 cm; > 3.0 cm); 2) nodal status as determined by protocol-specified criteria (negative, positive); 3) AC/EC (every 2 weeks; every 3 weeks); and 4) Region (North America; Europe).

For patient eligibility, local testing on the diagnostic core must have determined the patient's tumour to be ER-negative, PgR-negative, and HER2-negative by current ASCO/CAP guidelines. Material from either the diagnostic core biopsy or the research biopsy must be sent for central testing for confirmation of ER, PgR, and HER2 to confirm eligibility. If local testing has determined a tumour to be HER2 equivocal or to have a borderline ER/PgR status (% IHC staining < 10% for both), material may be submitted for central testing to determine eligibility.

In order to proactively identify and further assess any cardiac toxicity that may occur with the combination of anthracyclines and atezolizumab, this study includes a cardiac safety lead-in for the first 60 patients who initiate AC/EC. The safety lead-in will consist of assessment of ECG and serum troponin-T obtained just prior to administration of the first dose of AC/EC, following completion of the administration of the 1st and 3rd cycle of AC/EC prior to initiation of the atezolizumab/placebo. An additional assessment of LVEF with echocardiogram or MUGA scan will also be obtained prior to the 3rd dose of AC/EC. In order to provide an early assessment of cardiac safety, results of the troponin-T assessments, ECGs, LVEF assessment, and cardiac safety data will be evaluated by the Data Safety Monitoring Board (DSMB) when the last of the initial 20 patients who initiate AC/EC undergo their scheduled post-surgery LVEF assessment. When the last of the first 60 patients to initiate AC/EC undergo their scheduled post-surgery LVEF assessment, results of the troponin assessments, ECGs, LVEF assessments, and cardiac safety data from all 60 patients will be evaluated by the DSMB.

Research core biopsies of breast primary at baseline and 1-4 days prior to the second dose of atezolizumab/placebo are a study requirement for all patients. One to three representative blocks of residual primary tumour containing the maximum amount of tumour and node with the largest focus of metastasis is required from the definitive breast surgery if gross residual disease is greater than or equal to 1.0 cm. If gross residual disease is less than 1.0 cm, tissue should be submitted, if possible. Blood specimens will be collected on all patients at baseline for exploratory biomarker analysis and to support future correlative studies.

Accrual for this study will be 1,520 randomized patients. It is expected that approximately 760 patients will be randomized by sites in North America and approximately 760 patients, by sites in Europe.

View this trial on ClinicalTrials.gov

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Resources

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