Deciding on Active Surveillance or Surgery for Primary Management of Low Risk Papillary Thyroid Cancer

Official Title

Deciding on Active Surveillance as an Alternative Option to Surgery in the Primary Management of Low Risk Papillary Thyroid Cancer

Summary:

This is a prospective observational study.

  • In the first part of the study, consenting eligible adult patients with low risk papillary thyroid cancer that is confined to the thyroid, are provided verbal and written information about their disease and the option of active surveillance (close monitoring with intention to treat if disease progresses or if the patient changes her/his mind), as an alternative to thyroid surgery (thyroidectomy - traditional standard of care). Patients are free to make their own disease management choice (ie. active surveillance or thyroidectomy) and the investigators are examining how often patients choose each of these options. The investigators are also examining the reasons for their choice.
  • In the second part of the study, consenting, eligible patients who completed the preceding part of the study and chose either a) active surveillance, or b) thyroid surgery, are tracked with respect to clinical and psychosocial outcomes as well as quality of life. Patients who chose active surveillance are free to change their mind and have surgery at any point, even if the disease does not progress. The primary study outcome is decision regret at one year, in the respective groups of patients who chose active surveillance or thyroidectomy.

Trial Description

Primary Outcome:

  • Disease management decision (first part of the study, focused on treatment management choice)
  • Decision regret (second part of the study - follow-up of respective active surveillance and surgical patient groups)
Secondary Outcome:
  • Disease management decision rationale/explanation
  • Disease management decision-maker identification
  • Disease management decision satisfaction
  • Baseline coping mechanisms in all patients and respective study groups
  • Baseline evaluation of fear of disease progression in all patients and respective study groups (i.e. those who ultimately choose active surveillance or surgery)
  • Fear of disease progression at 1 year follow-up - in respective study groups (active surveillance or surgery)
  • Baseline evaluation of surgical fear in all patients and respective study groups (i.e. those who ultimately choose active surveillance or surgery)
  • Baseline evaluation of decision self-efficacy in all patients and respective study groups (i.e. those who ultimately choose active surveillance or surgery)
  • Psychological distress at 1 year in respective study groups
  • Disease-specific quality of life at 1 year
  • Body image perception at 1 year
  • Thyroid cancer surgery in patients who initially choose active surveillance
  • Disease progression
  • Thyroid surgical complications
  • New chronic prescription thyroid hormone use
  • Healthcare resource utilization
  • Serum thyroglobulin measurement in the active surveillance group
This is a prospective observational study, consisting of multiple parts.
  • In the first part of the study, eligible, consenting adult patients with low risk papillary thyroid cancer who have not had thyroid surgery, are provided with verbal and written information about the disease prognosis, surgical treatment outcomes, and the option of active surveillance (close monitoring with the intention of treatment if there is disease progression or if the patient changes her/his mind), as an alternative to immediately proceeding with thyroidectomy. The primary outcome of this part of the study is the final disease management decision of the patient (ie. active surveillance or thyroid surgery) and we are also examining patients' reasons for their choice.
  • In the second part of this study, eligible consenting patients who completed the preceding part of the study and chose either: a) active surveillance, or b) thyroid surgery, are tracked with respect to disease, treatment, psychosocial outcomes, and quality of life. For patients under active surveillance, clinical follow-up is conducted at a participating study institution. For patients who choose surgery, surgery and related clinical follow-up may be performed at any institution (of the patient's choice), however, the thyroid cancer-related medical records are regularly reviewed. Questionnaires are mailed to patients at one year. The primary outcome for this study is decision regret (on the decision for active surveillance or surgery) at one year after initiating the disease management decision (ie. active surveillance or surgery). As the decision for surgery or active surveillance is up to the patient and the proportion of patients in each group is unknown, the results in respective groups will be reported separately for the primary analysis (and only compared if sufficient numbers are available in each group).

View this trial on ClinicalTrials.gov

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Resources

Canadian Cancer Society

These resources are provided in partnership with the Canadian Cancer Society