A Randomized Trial of Pembrolizumab & Radiation Therapy Versus Radiation Therapy in High-Risk Soft Tissue Sarcoma of the Extremity

Official Title

SU2C-SARC032: A Phase II Randomized Controlled Trial of Neoadjuvant Pembrolizumab With Radiation Therapy and Adjuvant Pembrolizumab in Patients With High-Risk, Localized Soft Tissue Sarcoma of the Extremity

Summary:

This is an open-label, multi-institutional phase II randomized study comparing neoadjuvant radiation therapy followed by surgical resection to neoadjuvant pembrolizumab with concurrent radiation therapy, followed by surgical resection and adjuvant pembrolizumab. The total duration of pembrolizumab will be one year in the experimental arm.

Trial Description

Primary Outcome:

  • Disease free survival
Secondary Outcome:
  • Loco-regional disease-free survival
  • Distant disease free survival
  • Overall survival
This is a multicentre, randomized phase II trial with an initial safety run-in to test the safety and efficacy of neoadjuvant pembrolizumab with image-guided radiation therapy and adjuvant pembrolizumab compared to radiation therapy alone in patients with clinically localized extremity soft tissue sarcoma at high risk for developing metastatic disease (tumour size > 5 cm, intermediate- to high-grade; approximately 50% risk for distant disease at 2 years). Histologies will be limited to undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma and dedifferentiated/pleomorphic liposarcoma based on preliminary data from SARC028. Other terms for undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma may include, but are not limited to. pleomorphic undifferentiated sarcoma, unclassified spindle cell sarcoma, spindle cell sarcoma not otherwise specified, pleomorphic spindle cell sarcoma, pleomorphic fibroblastic sarcoma, undifferentiated high-grade pleomorphic sarcoma, pleomorphicsarcoma with prominent inflammation, pleomorphic sarcoma with giant cells, malignant fibrous histiocytoma (including storiform-pleomorphic and inflammatory subtypes), fibrosarcoma, and myxofibrosarcoma (located deep to the fascia in muscle). Radiation therapy with three cycles of pembrolizumab will be administered as neoadjuvant therapy for patients randomized to the experimental arm. These patients will also receive up to fourteen cycles of adjuvant pembrolizumab after surgical resection. Patients in the standard of care arm will receive neoadjuvant radiation therapy (50 Gy in 25 fractions) followed by surgical resection as in RTOG 0630.

View this trial on ClinicalTrials.gov

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Resources

Canadian Cancer Society

These resources are provided in partnership with the Canadian Cancer Society