Metformin in Patients Initiating ADT as Prevention and Intervention of Metabolic Syndrome

Official Title

A Randomized Phase 3 Trial of Metformin in Patients Initiating Androgen Deprivation Therapy as Prevention and Intervention of Metabolic Syndrome: The Prime Study

Summary:

This is a multi-centre, double-blind, randomized phase III trial comparing metformin to placebo in patients with advanced prostate cancer starting intermittent androgen deprivation therapy.

Trial Description

Primary Outcome:

  • Proportion of patients who meet the diagnostic criteria for metabolic syndrome after 18 months of study treatment
Secondary Outcome:
  • Proportion of patients who meet the diagnostic criteria for metabolic syndrome after 9 months of study treatment
  • Proportion of patients who meet the diagnostic criteria for metabolic syndrome after 12 months of study treatment
  • Proportion of patients who meet the diagnostic criteria for metabolic syndrome after 24 months of study treatment
  • Proportion of patients who meet the criteria of reduced high-density lipoprotein cholesterol assessed at 18 months of follow-up.
  • Proportion of patients who meet the criteria of elevated triglycerides assessed at 18 months of follow-up.
  • Proportion of patients who meet the criteria of elevated blood pressure assessed at 18 months of follow-up.
  • Proportion of patients who meet the criteria of elevated fasting blood glucose levels assessed at 18 months of follow-up.
  • Proportion of patients who meet the criteria of increased waist circumference assessed at 18 months of follow-up.
  • Health-related Quality of Life assessed at 18 months of follow-up.
  • Treatment-related toxicity
The primary objective of this study will determine if there are differences between arms with respect to the proportion of patients who meet the diagnostic criteria for metabolic syndrome after 18 months of study treatment. It is estimated that one in seven Canadian men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in their lifetime. In 2015, approximately 23,600 Canadian men were estimated to be diagnosed with prostate cancer and 4,000 died of this disease. Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is a standard first-line treatment for men with incurable prostate cancer and has long been known to improve overall survival. It was recently shown that intermittent ADT (iADT) is non-inferior to continuous therapy, with modest improvement in quality-of-life measures being provided by the intermittent approach. Thus, iADT is considered a standard of care in patients with rising PSA after definitive local therapy. Although the effectiveness of ADT is well established in patients with advanced prostate cancer, it is associated with important adverse effects as outlined below. The development of metabolic syndrome in particular is clinically important as it is associated with worsened quality of life and increased all-cause morbidity and mortality. As ADT is now employed, alone or in combination with other therapies, in virtually all men with advanced prostate cancer for increasingly long periods of time (median survival of men presenting with newly diagnosed metastatic disease from recent clinical trials is at least 3 years, during which they are typically on continuous hormonal therapy), the burden of ADT toxicity among men with prostate cancer is significant and increasing. The investigators hypothesize that the addition of metformin to a program of intermittent ADT will reduce the proportion of patients with metabolic syndrome at 18 months after initiation of ADT and will reduce the severity of individual components of metabolic syndrome in men with advanced prostate cancer. To test this hypothesis, this is a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled phase 3 clinical trial of metformin in patients undergoing iADT treatment.

View this trial on ClinicalTrials.gov

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Resources

Canadian Cancer Society

These resources are provided in partnership with the Canadian Cancer Society