Safety and Efficacy of ATIR101 as Adjunctive Treatment to Blood Stem Cell Transplantation From a Haploidentical Family Donor Compared to Post-transplant Cyclophosphamide in Patients With Blood Cancer

Official Title

A Phase III, Multicentre, Randomized Controlled Study to Compare Safety and Efficacy of a Haploidentical HSCT and Adjunctive Treatment With ATIR101, a T-lymphocyte Enriched Leukocyte Preparation Depleted ex Vivo of Host Alloreactive T-cells, Versus a Haploidentical HSCT With Post-transplant Cyclophosphamide in Patients With a Hematologic Malignancy


The primary objective of this study is to compare safety and efficacy of a haploidentical T-cell depleted HSCT and adjunctive treatment with ATIR101 versus a haploidentical T cell replete HSCT with post-transplant administration of high dose cyclophosphamide (PTCy) in patients with a hematologic malignancy. An additional objective of the study is to compare the effect of the two treatments on quality of life.

Trial Description

Primary Outcome:

  • Graft-versus-host disease-free, relapse-free survival (GRFS)
Secondary Outcome:
  • Overall survival (OS)
  • Progression-free survival (PFS)
  • Relapse-related mortality (RRM)
  • Transplant-related mortality (TRM)
Study CR-AIR-009 is a Phase III randomized controlled multicentre open-label study comparing two parallel groups. After signing informed consent, a total of 250 patients will be randomized in a 1:1 fashion to receive either a T-cell depleted hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT; CD34 selection) from a related, haploidentical donor, followed by ATIR101 infusion, or a T-cell replete HSCT, followed by a high dose of post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCy). Randomization will use minimization to balance treatment groups with respect to underlying disease (AML, ALL, or MDS), Disease Risk Index (DRI; intermediate risk, high risk, or very high risk) and centre. A stochastic treatment allocation procedure will be used so that the treatment assignment is random for all patients entered in the study. Patients randomized in the ATIR101 group will receive a single ATIR101 dose of 2×10E6 viable T-cells/kg between 28 and 32 days after the HSCT. Patients randomized in the PTCy group will receive cyclophosphamide 50 mg/kg/day at 3 and 4/5 days after the HSCT. All patients will be followed up for at least 24 months post HSCT.

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