Durvalumab and Tremelimumab and Best Supportive Care vs Best Supportive Care Alone in Patients With Advanced Colorectal Adenocarcinoma Refractory to Standard Therapies

Official Title

A Phase II Randomized Study of Durvalumab and Tremelimumab and Best Supportive Care vs Best Supportive Care Alone in Patients With Advanced Colorectal Adenocarcinoma Refractory to Standard Therapies

Summary:

The standard or usual treatment for this disease is treatment with drugs and other treatments that may help to make a patient better or may improve their quality of life. This treatment is known as "best supportive care" (BSC). Although patients with best supportive care can feel better for some months, the cancer usually continues to grow.

Trial Description

Primary Outcome:

  • Overall survival
Secondary Outcome:
  • Progression-free survival defined as the time from randomization to the first objective documentation of disease progression or death due to any cause
  • Objective response rate defined as the proportion of patients with a documented complete response and partial response based on RECIST 1.1
  • Number and severity of adverse events using the NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events.
Durvalumab is a new type of drug for many types of cancer. Laboratory tests show that it works by allowing the immune system to detect cancer and reactivate the immune response. This may help to slow down the growth of cancer or may cause cancer cells to die. Durvalumab has been shown to shrink tumours in animals and has been studied in a few people and seems promising but it is not clear if it can offer better results than standard treatment alone.

Tremelimumab is a new type of drug for various types of cancers. It works in a similar way to durvalumab and may improve the effect of durvalumab. This may also help slow the growth of the cancer cells or may cause cancer cells to die. Tremelimumab has been shown to shrink tumours in animals and has been studied in a few people and seems promising but it is not clear if it can offer better results than standard treatment alone when used with durvalumab.

Combinations of durvalumab and tremelimumab have also been studied and when combined have been shown to increase tumour shrinkage in animals compared to either drug alone and while the combination has been studied in a few people, it is not clear if it can offer better results than standard treatment.

View this trial on ClinicalTrials.gov

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Resources

Canadian Cancer Society

These resources are provided in partnership with the Canadian Cancer Society