The Safety and Efficacy of 18F-Fluoromethylcholine (18F-FCH) PET/CT in Prostate Cancer

Official Title

The Safety and Efficacy of 18F-Fluoromethylcholine (18F-FCH) PET/CT in Prostate Cancer

Summary:

The objectives of this study are to confirm the safety and efficacy of FCH-PET/CT and to establish our ability to reproduce results from the literature using FCH-PET/CT as a diagnostic and decision making tool in the management in two predefined groups of prostate cancer patients, specifically, biochemical recurrence and high risk staging. The primary endpoints of the study are the incidence of adverse events (AE) in the study population up to 24 hours following the scan, and the sensitivity and specificity of FCH-PET/CT vs CT on a per-patient and per-lesion basis.

Trial Description

Primary Outcome:

  • Safety of FCH-PET/CT imaging as measured by the incidence of adverse events (AE)
  • Efficacy of FCH-PET/CT imaging as measured by sensitivity and specificity vs CT on a per patient basis as compared to standard of truth
  • Efficacy of FCH-PET/CT imaging as measured by sensitivity and specificity vs CT on a per lesion basis as compared to standard of truth
Background Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in North American men older than 50 years. Positron emission tomography / computer tomography (PET/CT) is a nuclear medicine procedure based on the measurement of positron emission from radiolabeled tracer molecules. A common radiotracer in use today is 18F-fluoromethylcholine (aka fluorocholine or FCH) which is a radiolabeled choline derivative. Imaging with FCH-PET/CT can be used to characterize and localize prostate cancer in vivo. There is extensive data in the literature showing the value of FCH-PET/CT imaging in accurately staging and restaging prostate cancer. FCH-PET/CT is standard of care in many European countries. Study Objectives The objectives of this study are to confirm the safety and efficacy of FCH-PET/CT and to establish our ability to reproduce results from the literature using FCH-PET/CT as a diagnostic and decision making tool in the management in two predefined groups of prostate cancer patients, specifically, biochemical recurrence and high risk staging. The primary endpoints of the study are the incidence of adverse events (AE) in the study population up to 24 hours following the scan, and the sensitivity and specificity of FCH-PET/CT vs CT on a per-patient and per-lesion basis. Study Design This will be a multi-centre open label study in which one (1) FCH-PET/CT will be performed on study participants. A PET/CT scan takes 2-3 hours. Safety FCH-PET/CT exhibits favourable dosimetry, delivering organ doses that are comparable to or lower than those delivered by 18F-FDG. The safety of FCH is not disputed and we expect the number of adverse events in our study to be zero. Sample Size and Recruitment Target enrollment is 1500 patients. This will be sufficient to detect AE with a prevalence of 0.3% with 99% confidence. For efficacy endpoints, approximately 500 subjects would provide 90% power at the alpha=0.05 one-sided level of significance that the specificity and sensitivity will be superior to the specificity and sensitivity under the null hypothesis. Patients will be recruited by urologists in the clinical setting. Initial contact and consent will be by the department of urology.

View this trial on ClinicalTrials.gov

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Resources

Canadian Cancer Society

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