Combination Chemotherapy With or Without Temsirolimus in Treating Patients With Intermediate Risk Rhabdomyosarcoma

Official Title

A Randomized Phase 3 Study of Vincristine, Dactinomycin, Cyclophosphamide (VAC) Alternating With Vincristine and Irinotecan (VI) Versus VAC/VI Plus Temsirolimus (TORI, Torisel, NSC# 683864) in Patients With Intermediate Risk (IR) Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS)

Summary:

This randomized phase III trial studies how well combination chemotherapy (vincristine sulfate, dactinomycin, cyclophosphamide alternated with vincristine sulfate and irinotecan hydrochloride or vinorelbine) works compared to combination chemotherapy plus temsirolimus in treating patients with rhabdomyosarcoma (cancer that forms in the soft tissues, such as muscle), and has an intermediate chance of coming back after treatment (intermediate risk). Drugs used in chemotherapy work in different ways to stop the growth of tumour cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Combination chemotherapy and temsirolimus may stop the growth of tumour cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. It is not yet known whether combination chemotherapy or combination chemotherapy plus temsirolimus is more effective in treating patients with intermediate-risk rhabdomyosarcoma.

Trial Description

Primary Outcome:

  • Event-free survival (EFS)
Secondary Outcome:
  • Overall survival (OS)
PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:
I. To compare the event-free survival (EFS) of patients with intermediate-risk (IR) rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) treated with surgery, radiation therapy, and vincristine (vincristine sulfate), dactinomycin, and cyclophosphamide (VAC) alternating with vincristine and irinotecan (irinotecan hydrochloride) (VI) (VAC/VI) with maintenance to that of patients treated with surgery, radiation therapy and VAC/VI plus temsirolimus with maintenance. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:
I. To compare the overall survival (OS) of patients with IR RMS treated with surgery, radiation therapy, and VAC alternating with VI with maintenance to that of patients treated with surgery, radiation therapy and VAC/VI plus temsirolimus with maintenance. EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:
I. To compare the outcome of patients based on their forkhead box O1 protein (FOXO1) fusion gene partner, by evaluating paired box (PAX) 3 versus (vs) PAX7 in all patients found to be FOXO1 fusion positive. II. To compare the outcome of patients based on their [F18]-fluorodeoxy-D-glucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) response at week 9 (positive or negative), as assessed by Deauville criteria (5-point). III. To estimate the frequency of patients with circulating tumour deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) (ctDNA) at diagnosis and subsequent time-points. IV. To compare the outcome of patients (VAC/VI with or without temsirolimus) who have received maintenance therapy on ARST1431 to those who received VAC/VI on ARST0531. OUTLINE:

FEASIBILITY PHASE (THE FEASIBILITY PHASE IS COMPLETE, EFFECTIVE WITH AMENDMENT
  • 1A): (< 21 years old): This is a dose-escalation study of temsirolimus. Patients receive vincristine sulfate intravenously (IV) over 1 minute on day 1 of weeks 1-13, 16, 17, 19, 20, 22-26, 28, 31-34, 37, 38, and 40, dactinomycin IV over 1-5 minutes on day 1 of weeks 1, 7, 13, 22, 28, 34, and 40, cyclophosphamide IV over 60 minutes on day 1 of weeks 1, 7, 13, 22, 28, 34, and 40, irinotecan hydrochloride IV over 90 minutes on days 1-5 of weeks 4, 10, 16, 19, 25, 31, and 37, and temsirolimus IV over 30-60 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15. Patients also undergo radiation therapy (RT) beginning week 13 for up to 6.5 weeks. Courses with temsirolimus repeat every 21 days for 12 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. EFFICACY PHASE: Patients are randomized to Regimen A or B. Patients with disease that is ARMS FOXO1 fusion negative (stage I, group I/II, stage 1, group III [orbit] or stage II, group I/II) are assigned to Regimen C. REGIMEN A (VAC/VI): Patients receive vincristine sulfate IV over 1 minute on day 1 of weeks 1-13, 16, 17, 19, 20, 22-26, 28, 31-34, 37, 38, and 40, dactinomycin IV over 1-5 minutes on day 1 of weeks 1, 7, 13, 22, 28, 34, and 40, cyclophosphamide IV over 60 minutes on day 1 of weeks 1, 7, 13, 22, 28, 34, and 40, irinotecan hydrochloride IV over 90 minutes on days 1-5 of weeks 4, 10, 16, 19, 25, 31, and 37. Patients also undergo primary site RT beginning at week 13 or metastatic site RT beginning at week 43 for up to 6.5 weeks. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then receive vinorelbine IV over 6-10 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15 and cyclophosphamide orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-28. Cycles repeats every 28 days for 24 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. REGIMEN B (VAC/VI TEMSIROLIMUS): Patients receive vincristine sulfate IV over 1 minute on day 1 of weeks 1-13, 16, 17, 19, 20, 22-26, 28, 31-34, 37, 38, and 40, dactinomycin IV over 1-5 minutes on day 1 of weeks 1, 7, 13, 22, 28, 34, and 40, cyclophosphamide IV over 60 minutes on day 1 of weeks 1, 7, 13, 22, 28, 34, and 40, irinotecan hydrochloride IV over 90 minutes on days 1-5 of weeks 4, 10, 16, 19, 25, 31, and 37 and temsirolimus IV over 30-60 minutes on day 1 of weeks 1-12 and 21-42. Patients also undergo RT as in Regimen A. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then receive vinorelbine IV over 6-10 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15 and cyclophosphamide PO QD on days 1-28. Cycles repeats every 28 days for 24 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. MAINTENANCE PHASE (Patients in Regimen A or Regimen B): Patients receive vinorelbine IV over 6-10 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15 and cyclophosphamide orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-28. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 6 cycles. REGIMEN C (FOXO1 FUSION NEGATIVE): Patients receive vincristine sulfate IV over 1 minute on day 1 of weeks 1-10 and 13-22, dactinomycin IV over 1-5 minutes on day 1 of weeks 1, 4, 7, 10, 13, 16, 19, and 22, cyclophosphamide IV over 60 minutes on day 1 of weeks 1, 4, 7, and 10. Patients undergo RT beginning at week 13 for up to 6.5 weeks. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 1 year, every 4 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 1 year, and then annually for up to 10 years.

View this trial on ClinicalTrials.gov

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