Magnetic Resonance-Guided High Intensity Focused Ultrasound for Recurrent Rectal Cancer

Official Title

Magnetic Resonance-Guided High Intensity Focused Ultrasound for Recurrent Rectal Cancer - A Pilot Study

Summary:

This pilot study hypothesizes that hyperthermia delivered via magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound (MRg-FU) is technically feasible and can be safely used in combination with concurrent reirradiation and chemotherapy for the treatment of recurrent rectal cancer. Twenty recurrent rectal cancer patients who are not candidates for surgery will be recruited for hyperthermia treatment delivered via MRg-FU concurrent with reirradiation and oral chemotherapy.

Trial Description

Primary Outcome:

  • Acute toxicities
Secondary Outcome:
  • Late toxicities
  • The efficacy of MRg-FU in reducing pain
  • Patient quality of life
  • Assessment of radiologic response following treatment.
Magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound (MRg-FU) is a non-invasive, outpatient modality being investigated for the thermal treatment of cancer. In MRg-FU, a specially designed transducer is used to focus a beam of low intensity ultrasound energy into a small volume at a specific target site in the body. MR is used to identify and delineate the tumour, focus the ultrasound beam on the target and provide real-time thermal mapping to ensure accurate heating of the designated target with minimal effect to the adjacent healthy tissue. The focused ultrasound beam produces therapeutic hyperthermia (40-42°C) in the target field causing protein denaturation and cell damage. Currently, there is no prospective clinical data reported on the use of MRg-FU in the setting of recurrent rectal cancer. Recurrent rectal cancer is a vexing clinical problem. Current retreatment protocols have limited efficacy. The addition of hyperthermia to radiation and chemotherapy may enhance the therapeutic response. With recent advances in technology, the investigators hypothesize that MRg-FU is technically feasible and can be safely used in combination with concurrent reirradiation and chemotherapy for the treatment of recurrent rectal cancer without increased side-effects.

View this trial on ClinicalTrials.gov

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Resources

Canadian Cancer Society

These resources are provided in partnership with the Canadian Cancer Society