qBOLD MRI of Glioblastoma Multiforme for Assessment of Tumour Hypoxia.

Official Title

Quantitative Blood Oxygenation Level Dependent (qBOLD) MR Imaging of Glioblastoma Multiforme for Assessment of Tumour Hypoxia.

Summary:

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common primary malignant brain neoplasm in adults. Despite recent diagnostic and therapeutic advances, including aggressive surgical resection and chemoradiation, the prognosis of GBM has improved only slightly over the past two decades, with median survival of approximately 15 months. Tumour hypoxia is a feature of GBM that contributes to poor outcome through multiple mechanisms such as 1) overexpression of enzymes that play roles in temozolomide resistance, the main chemotherapeutic agent in GBM and 2) increase expression of cancer stem cells which are more resistant to radiation. Hypoxic tumour regions are associated with higher rates of progression and recurrence. In this study the investigators will use an advanced MRI technique called qBOLD to non-invasively measure oxygenation in GBM and obtain targeted biopsies. The investigators take advantage of physical characteristics of Ferumoxytol (Feraheme®) which is an iron supplement, and utilize two recent technical advances not previously used in human tumours to quantitatively measure oxygenation in GBM. Prior knowledge of hypoxia can assist in prognostication and individualization of treatment planning with special focus on hypoxic regions by targeted radiation dose or regimen modulation; consideration of more intensive chemotherapy regimens; more aggressive and targeted surgical resection and closer short-term clinical and imaging follow-ups.

Trial Description

Primary Outcome:

  • Oxygen saturation in GBM with qBOLD MRI and its correlation with histological markers of tissue hypoxia and angiogenesis
Secondary Outcome:
  • Oxygen saturation in GBM with qBOLD MRI and its correlation with targeted intraoperative oxygen measurement
We propose a study to demonstrate quantitative oxygen saturation estimation in GBM is feasible with qBOLD and it correlates with established histopathological markers of hypoxia and angiogenesis, and targeted intraoperative oxygen measurement. All patients will undergo surgery as part of their standard treatment. By coregistering the hypoxia map on presurgical MRI we will be able to do the following: 1. Obtain targeted biopsies of the hypoxic areas and none hypoxic areas and correlate them with gold standard marker of tissue hypoxia by immunohistochemistry for hypoxia induced factor-1α (HIF-1α). 2. Draw Volumes of interests (VOI) over areas >0.5-cm3 (amenable to accurate intra-operative O2 measurement) with the lowest and highest oxygen saturation (SO2) values. VOIs will be then imported into the neuronavigation system (Stryker) for targeted placement of clinically approved Licox® oxygen-sensing probe (Integra NeuroSciences).

View this trial on ClinicalTrials.gov

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Resources

Canadian Cancer Society

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