DOvEEgene: Diagnosing Ovarian and Endometrial Cancer Early Using Genomics

Official Title

DOvEEgene: Diagnosing Ovarian and Endometrial Cancer Early Using Genomics

Summary:

This study aims to develop and validate a test for diagnosing ovarian and endometrial cancers early. It relies on detecting somatic mutations that are associated with these cancers in a biofluids sample taken from the cervix and the uterine cavity.

Trial Description

Primary Outcome:

  • Detection of cancer-related mutations
Secondary Outcome:
  • Patient related outcomes including pain and acceptability
  • Risks associated with the DOvEEgene test
For women in high-income countries, ovarian/fallopian tube and endometrial cancers are within the top four cancers in terms of incidence, death and healthcare expenditure. The deaths associated with these cancers are largely caused by stage III/IV disease, for which cure rates have not changed in three decades, despite escalating costs of treatment. Attempts at early diagnosis have been ineffective in reducing mortality, because the high-grade subtypes, which account for the majority of deaths, metastasize while the primary cancer is still small, has not caused symptoms, and is undetectable by imaging or blood tumour markers. In recent years, the recognition that somatic mutations are early steps in carcinogenesis has led to a shift from tests such as imaging and non-specific blood tumour markers to technology that detects cancer-associated mutations in cervical, uterine, or blood samples. Several DNA-tagging technologies have been shown to be capable of identifying small amount of cancer DNA among thousands of normal cells, the proverbial needle in a haystack. This investigation aims to develop and validate an in-house developed DNA tagging technology 'DOvEEgene-Haloplex' for the early diagnosis of endometrial and ovarian cancers. The assay pipeline for barcoding and agnostic testing of the biofluids must lend itself to automation and high throughput testing. It must have good sensitivity and more importantly very high specificity, as the only way to corroborate a positive test is to remove the uterus, tubes and ovaries.

View this trial on ClinicalTrials.gov

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Resources

Canadian Cancer Society

These resources are provided in partnership with the Canadian Cancer Society