Study of MK-3475 (Pembrolizumab) Versus Platinum-based Chemotherapy for Participants With PD-L1-positive Advanced or Metastatic Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (MK-3475-042/KEYNOTE-042)

Official Title

A Randomized, Open Label, Phase III Study of Overall Survival Comparing Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) Versus Platinum Based Chemotherapy in Treatment Naïve Subjects With PD-L1 Positive Advanced or Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (Keynote 042)

Summary:

In this study, participants with programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1)-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) will be randomized to receive single agent pembrolizumab for up to 35 treatments or standard of care (SOC) platinum-based chemotherapy (carboplatin + paclitaxel or carboplatin + pemetrexed for 4 to 6 21-day cycles). Participants on the platinum-based chemotherapy arms with non-squamous tumour histologies may receive pemetrexed maintenance therapy after the 4 to 6 cycles of chemotherapy. The primary study hypothesis is that pembrolizumab prolongs overall survival (OS) compared to SOC chemotherapy.

Trial Description

Primary Outcome:

  • Overall survival (OS)
Secondary Outcome:
  • Progression-free Survival (PFS) by Central Independent Radiologists' Review

View this trial on ClinicalTrials.gov

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Resources

Canadian Cancer Society

These resources are provided in partnership with the Canadian Cancer Society