Pancreas Resection With and Without Drains

Official Title

A Randomized Prospective Multicentre Trial of Pancreas Resection With and Without Routine Intraperitoneal Drainage

Summary:

This randomized prospective trial is designed to test the hypothesis that pancreatectomy without routine intraperitoneal drainage does not increase the severity or frequency of complications within 60 days of surgery.

Trial Description

Primary Outcome:

  • The primary outcome measure is the incidence of > grade I complications.
Secondary Outcome:
  • Frequency of specific complications
  • Severity of complications
  • Mortality
The rate of pancreatic fistula after pancreas resection is about 10% and surgeons have traditionally placed drains near the pancreatic anastomosis to control this potentially very serious complication. In recent years, advances in interventional radiology have allowed safe percutaneous drainage of intra-abdominal fluid collections. Some surgeons have abandoned the routine use of prophylactic drains placed at the time of pancreas resection and rely on percutaneous drainage for the minority of patients who develop a pancreatic fistula.

Hypothesis: This randomized prospective trial is designed to test the hypothesis that pancreatectomy without routine intraperitoneal drainage does not increase the severity or frequency of complications within 60 days of surgery. The primary endpoint to assess the severity of complications will be the number of patients with any ≥ Grade II complication. Severity of complications experienced will also be assessed by comparing the number of patients with, any ≥ Grade III complication, any serious adverse event (SAE), and the median complication severity grade of all complications. The frequency of complications will be assessed by comparing the number of patients with 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, or more than 5 complications of any severity grade.

Objectives:

Primary: Difference in 60-day ≥ Grade II complication rate comparison between patients who receive a pancreatectomy without routine intraperitoneal drainage and those who do receive routine intraperitoneal drainage.

Secondary:
  • 60-day ≥ Grade III complication rate comparison between patients who receive a pancreatectomy without routine intraperitoneal drainage and those who do receive routine intraperitoneal drainage.
  • Serious adverse event (SAE) rate comparison between patients who receive a pancreatectomy without routine intraperitoneal drainage and those who do receive routine intraperitoneal drainage.
  • Median complication severity grade comparison between patients who receive a pancreatectomy without routine intraperitoneal drainage and those who do receive routine intraperitoneal drainage.
  • 60-day frequency of complications (any Grade) between patients who receive a pancreatectomy without routine intraperitoneal drainage and those who do receive routine intraperitoneal drainage.
  • 60-day, and 90-day mortality rate comparison between patients who receive a pancreatetomy without routine intraperitoneal drainage and those who do receive routine intraperitoneal drainage.
  • Rate of specific complications compared between patients who receive a pancreatectomy without routine intraperitoneal drainage and those who do receive routine intraperitoneal drainage.
  • Length of stay (index admission and total within 60 days) comparison between patients who receive a pancreatectomy without routine intraperitoneal drainage and those who do receive routine intraperitoneal drainage.
  • Crude cost comparison between patients who receive a pancreatectomy without routine intraperitoneal drainage and those who do receive routine intraperitoneal drainage.
  • Quality of life comparison between patients who receive a pancreatectomy without routine intraperitoneal drainage and those who do receive routine intraperitoneal drainage.

View this trial on ClinicalTrials.gov

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Resources

Canadian Cancer Society

These resources are provided in partnership with the Canadian Cancer Society